Arezzo is a rich town in south-eastern Tuscany. It sits on a hill at the intersection of four valleys: Val Tiberina, Casentino, Valdarno and Valdichiana.
The city has ancient origins evidenced by the discovery of stone tools and the so-called Paleolithic man dell’Olmo. In Arretium there are traces of Etruscans as early as the ninth century. B.C. and it was one of the most important in Tuscany. Arezzo always maintained an important role and prestige in Tuscany due to its location along the Via Cassia. Many famous people were born in Arezzo, including Giorgio Vasari, Piero della Francesca, Guido Monaco, Francesco Redi and Petrarca.
Although part of the medieval city was destroyed during World War II, the center of Arezzo has splendid monuments, churches, palaces and museums. The Basilica of San Francesco is perhaps the most famous church in the city. Inside it preserves a cycle of frescoes of the Leggenda della Vera Croce (Legend of the True Cross) by Piero della Francesca, Renaissance masterpiece of inestimable value. The Medici Fortress, the Roman amphitheater and the Church of San Francesco with the wooden crucifix by Cimabue.